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Anna Maria Pozzo has shown us the complex status of social housing in Italy and pointed out sustainability as the trigger for the renovation of the housing stock.

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In Italy most of flats/houses are privately owned; only a small fraction are for rent and social housing but starting from 2001 the trend is changing

demand of public housing is much bigger than offers of social housing

fuel poverty in italy is a reality

social housing operators are cities and Housing Agencies

incentives (tax reduction) have a key role in promoting refurbishment and are accessible only by private owners

For social housing, fuel poverty is a key driver to move towards retrofitting; but it is almost impossible to find at least 30% of money to start deep refurbishing. Public financing should intervene to close this gap

in Italy the social housing sector doesn’t have any subsidies and neither the possibility to increase rents. This is the key problem

In Italy so far only Piedmont managed to use ERDF for energy refurbishment of Social Housing

For Social housing operators it’s not easy to use ERDF because the accounting system is different between national and European system of rules, so they need to work with two different accounting systems

France is the country who has used most the ERDF and the housing sector didn’t have problems because they are used to mix funds from different sources

Italian public bank (cassa depositi e prestiti) has a profit oriented approach instead of a social one

Incentives have a key role in promoting refurbishment and are accessible only by private owners

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